Studies have shown that there has been a rapid increase in official aid being made directly available by bi-lateral and multi-lateral donors to Southern NGOs. The study on relationships between NGOs and official agencies is being conducted in two phases. This occasional paper collates three of the case studies from the Northern phase – CIDA, EU and USAID – which includes notes on:

  1. the changing nature of Northern NGOs in their country, their relationships with the government, and the organisational and policy implications of these trends;
  2. the changing nature of Northern government support for NGOs, in particular their move towards direct funding of Southern NGOs and the changing relationship between Northern governments and Southern NGOs.



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